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Age spots - also called liver spots and solar lentigines - are flat tan, brown or black spots. They vary in size and usually appear on the face, hands, shoulders and arms - areas most exposed to the sun. Age spots typically develop in people with a fair complexion, but they can be seen in those with darker skin.
Are flat, oval areas of increased pigmentation
Are usually tan, brown or black
Occur on skin that has had the most sun exposure over the years, such as the backs of hands, tops of feet, face, shoulders and upper back.
Age spots range from freckle size to more than 1/2 inch (13 millimeters) across and can group together, making them more prominent. The pigment in the upper layer of skin (epidermis) that gives your skin its normal color is called melanin. UV light accelerates the production of melanin, creating a tan that helps protect deeper layers of skin from UV rays.
Melasma is patches of dark skin that appear on areas of the face exposed to the sun.
Melasma is a very common skin disorder. It is most common in young women with brownish skin tone, but it can affect anyone.
Melasma is often associated with the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. It is common in:
Women taking birth control pills (oral contraceptives)
Women taking hormone replacement therapy (HRT) during menopause.
Being in the sun makes melasma more likely to develop. The problem is more common in tropical climates.
People with Addison disease develop patches of dark skin. The darkness may seem like tanning, but it appears on areas not even exposed to the sun. Even people with dark skin can develop excessive pigmentation, although the change may be harder to recognize. Black freckles may develop over the forehead, face, and shoulders, and a bluish black discoloration may develop around the nipples, lips, mouth, rectum, scrotum, or vagina.
Often may present with hyperpigmentation, more common in men than women. Hemochromatosis, also known as bronze diabetes or iron storage disease, is an autosomal recessive hereditary disorder characterized by excessive iron absorption by the small intestines. Individuals with hemochromatosis lack an effective way to remove excess iron, and the iron begins to accumulate with subsequent development of fibrosis in the liver, pancreas, skin, heart, and other organs. Excess iron accumulation in the body promotes oxidation and causes tissue injury, fatigue, arthralgia or arthritis, and skin changes. Complications can include hepatomegaly, diabetes, impotence (males), pulmonary involvement, and cardiac myopathy.
Wear sunscreen daily: One of the most common treatments is sun protection. Since sunlight triggers, it is important to wear sunscreen every day, even on cloudy days and after swimming or sweating. Choose a sunscreen that offers broad-spectrum protection, a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of 30 or more, and zinc oxide and/or titanium dioxide to physically limit the effects of the sun - rays on your skin. Apply sunscreen 15 minutes before going outside and reapply at least every two hours.
Wear a wide-brimmed hat when you're outside: As a recent study in the journal Nature illustrates, sunscreen alone may not give you the sun protection you need. Whenever possible, seek shade and wear protective clothing in addition to applying sunscreen.
Choose gentle skin care products: Choose skin care products that don't sting or burn, as products that irritate the skin may worsen it.
Avoid waxing: Waxing may cause skin inflammation which can worsen it, so it's important to avoid waxing areas of the body affected by the condition. Ask a dermatologist about other types of hair removal that may be right for you.
Quit smoking and reduce alcohol intake as they cause dehydration of skin.
Regular exercise is important for everyone. Exercise can help your health by improving blood flow and blood pressure. Exercise also increases the body's energy level, lowers tension, and improves your ability to handle stress.
Skin changes may be permanent or may not be reversible by life -style changes, but remember by making positive choices you are protecting yourself against worsening and future damage to your health and complexion.
Stress levels play an important role in the overall health of our body and in the appearance of our skin. Acute and chronic stress can lead to acne breakouts, and a constantly furrowed brow can lead to wrinkles. By reducing your stress levels and learning to manage them, you can make sure your skin is set up to be radiant. Some stress-reducing activities include exercising regularly, meditating and journaling. Find what works best for you and incorporate it into your day.
By the end of the day, we can get pretty lazy and go to bed without properly cleansing our skin. When you don't wash your face, you're leaving tons of impurities like dirt, bacteria and makeup on your skin. Establishing a cleansing routine can help keep your skin healthy. Wash your face two times a day with a face-specific cleanser and warm water. Pat - don't rub -your face with a clean towel to dry it.
Drink more water
Drinking water and staying properly hydrated not only improves your overall health but leaves you with glowing and radiant skin. Water helps to flush toxins out of your body and moisturizes your skin from the inside out. Well-moisturized skin has better elasticity and color than dehydrated skin.
Eat the rainbow
Wearing sun protection on a regular basis is really important for your skin's health. The sun's ultraviolet rays can cause intensive skin damage over the years, leading to sun spots, discoloration and potentially skin cancer. Using a moisturizer with a built-in sun protection factor can help keep your face protected, and using sunscreen on other exposed areas of skin is just as important.
Get enough sleep
The average person needs 7-8 hours of sleep a night for their body to function efficiently. However, many individuals are getting less than that. To get enough sleep, take the time that you wake up in the morning and go backward 7 or 8 hours to determine a good bedtime. When you're tired, your skin appears dull and dark circles can appear under your eyes. Getting enough sleep helps to prevent this.
By making a few small changes to your lifestyle, you can protect your skin, look younger longer and project confidence out into
A healthy diet includes a variety of foods. Try to include these in your daily diet:
Whole grain foods such as whole grain bread, bran, brown rice, and oats. These foods are also high in fiber, which helps improve the function of the digestive system.
Fresh fruits and vegetables. They contain essential vitamins, minerals, and fiber, which will help to keep your body healthy and fight infections.
Foods containing high levels of potassium, including bananas, oranges, tomatoes, asparagus, and potatoes.
Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day.
Eat Energy-sustaining snacks like-
- Whole grain cereal with reduced-fat milk - A piece of fruit/ a low-fat yoghurt - Salad with grilled chicken or cottage cheese - Whole wheat toast, a fruit bun or slice of malt loaf - each with low-fat spread
Certain foods contain too much fat, or are low in nutritional value. Foods to avoid include: Salt, Fried foods, and caffeine
Eating healthy also means limiting: Cholesterol, sodium (salt), and added sugars. Trans fats - Trans fats may be in foods like cakes, cookies, stick margarines, and fried foods. Saturated fats - These fats come from animal products like cheese, fatty meats, whole milk, and butter. Refined grains - Food products with refined grains include white bread, noodles, white rice, and flour tortillas.
Eating healthily is about eating the right amount of food for your energy needs.
Based on the eat well plate, try to eat:
Plenty of fruit and vegetables Did you know that we should be eating at least five portions of a variety of fruit and veg every day?
Plenty of potatoes, bread, rice, pasta and other starchy foods Choose wholegrain varieties, or eat potatoes with their skins on for more fibre.
Some milk and dairy foods Go for lower-fat milk and dairy foods. These are healthier options to help you get enough protein and calcium.
Some meat, fish, eggs, beans and other non-dairy sources of protein These are important sources of protein, vitamins and minerals, and form part of a healthy balanced diet.
Just a small amount of foods and drinks those are high in fat or sugar Cut down on fat and sugar by eating fewer sweets, cakes and biscuits, and drinking fewer sugary soft drinks.
Sample Diet Plan
Do not add SALT while cooking or as seasoning.
Life Long Instructions
Quit smoking and cut down on alcohol.
Limiting sugar, caffeine, and alcohol can promote health and reduce stress. Take your diet and exercise plan seriously.