General wellness: Male: 18 to 30- Medcall (Hindi) Care Plan
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Going to college is an exciting time in a young person's life. It's the end of one chapter and the beginning of another.
College is a great time for new experiences, both inside and outside the classroom. Here are a few pointers for college students OR YOUNG MENS BETWEEN THE AGE GROUP OF 18 TO 30 on staying safe and healthy.
It is recommended to go for on-going annual wellness exams for adults,between the ages of 18 and 30 years. During these visits,you may discuss with your doctor about your general health and wellness issues, including:
Physical activity and exercise.
Sexually transmitted diseases.
Substance abuse (i.e. tobacco, alcohol and drugs)
Annual well-person exams may also include the following:
Which are the top disease conditions affecting young men:
Mental disorders e.g. Depression.
Eating disorders e.g. Anorexia Nervosa.
Sleep disorders e.g. Snoaring.
HIV/AIDS & Tuberculosis
Irritable bowel syndrome
Urinary tract infections
Osteoarthritis in Men
Injuries: Men suffer significantly more from sports injuries and road accident injuries than women, due to harsh and drunken driving.
Violence in social life is widespread around the world-wide.
Kidney stones: Kidney stones are common in men, especially those who don't drink enough fluids. Since the kidneys filter your blood, a high concentration of metabolic waste can crystalize in the organs and clump into stones. Symptoms only appear when a stone gets large enough to block a urinary canal. These include intense pain in your back or on your side below the rib cage; it may even move to your groin. Other signs include bloody or cloudy urine, nausea, and a constant urge to urinate. Urinary tract infections happen frequently with kidney stones.
Sexually transmitted diseases: Sexually transmitted diseases (STD), also referred to as sexually transmitted infections (STI) and venereal diseases (VD), are infections that are commonly spread by sex, especially vaginal intercourse, anal sex and oral sex. Symptoms and signs of disease may include:
- Penile discharge, Ulcers on or around the genitals, Pelvic pain.
Your health depends on good communication. Among males: Depression was the leading cause of burden. Doctors know a lot about a lot of things, but they don't always know everything about you or what is best for you. Here are some
Tips for young men prior to visiting your healthcare provider:
Talk about your health problem?
Ask your doctor about your diagnosis?
Is there any medical test needed?
What will the medical test results tell me?
Is there any change of medicine needed?
What are my treatment options?
What are the benefits of each treatment option?
What are the probable side effects of my medications?
If your health care provider advises you to change your diet or lifestyle
Ask how these changes will help you and what will happen if you do not make these changes.
Ask him/her to be specific about the changes. For example, if the health care provider recommends more exercise, ask what type of exercises and how often you should do them.
If your health care provider suggests you lose weight, ask how much and is it there any support groups or programs that you should join?
If your health care provider prescribes medicine
Ask why the medicine should be taken?
Ask how you should take the medicine?
It should be taken with food or without food?
It should be taken before food or after food?
Can it be taken with other medications?
Ask about what should you do if you have side effects?
Be sure to bring a list of all medicines you should take and share it with your health care provider.
If you are treated for a condition
Ask how your progress will be monitored?
Ask if you should make a chart of your progress and when you should report changes to your health care Provider
Ask when you should return to your health care provider to be checked?
To stay healthy, adults aged 18-30 should try to be active daily and should do:
At least 150 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes) of moderate-intensity aerobic activity such as cycling or fast walking every week, swimming and
muscle-strengthening activities on 2 or more days a week that work all major muscle groups (legs, hips, back, abdomen, chest, shoulders and arms).
75 minutes (1 hour and 15 minutes) of vigorous-intensity aerobic activity such as running or a game of singles tennis every week, and muscle-strengthening
activities on 2 or more days a week that work all major muscle groups (legs, hips, back, abdomen, chest, shoulders and arms).
An equivalent mix of moderate- and vigorous-intensity aerobic activity every week (for example 2 30-minute runs plus 30 minutes of fast walking), and muscle-strengthening activities on 2 or more days a week that work all major muscle groups (legs, hips, back, abdomen, chest, shoulders and arms).
Immunizations: College freshman, particularly those who live in dormitories, have a slightly increased risk of getting meningococcal disease and should consider getting a meningococcal vaccine. There is currently no hepatitis C vaccine, but you can get vaccinated against both hepatitis A and B. Vaccine-induced immunity to pertussis is thought to last for 10 years following the last dose, so additional vaccination against pertussis is needed. Adolescents and adults who previously received only one dose of chickenpox vaccine should receive another. Any contaminated puncture wound, whether from a rusty nail bite or scratch, may require tetanus shot if you have not had one within 10 years.
Eating disorders are complex, chronic and largely misunderstood and misdiagnosed. The most common eating disorders anorexia
Nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorders are on the rise.
What are signs of anorexia?
A. Weight loss, sometimes severe
B. Intense fear of gaining weight
C. Distorted body image
People with eating disorders often do not recognize or admit that they are ill. As a result, they may strongly resist getting and staying in treatment. Family members and other trusted individuals may be helpful in ensuring that the person with an eating disorder receives needed care and rehabilitation.
Starting with diet and exercise. The amount of food you need to eat from each food group depends on your age, sex, and level of physical activity.
Smoking: Quit the smoking as it harms nearly every organ of the body and causes
many diseases like cancer, heart and respiratory diseases. Take the help of your friends, your healthcare provider and different support groups to quit smoking.
It includes maintaining good balance in your life important for college Students. A few ways to manage stress are to get enough sleep, avoid drugs and alcohol, and connect socially. Learn and practice relaxation techniques. Try breathing exercises, meditation, prayer, or Yoga.
For more details you can watch the following video:
Binge drinking is a factor that increases your chances for risky sexual behaviour, HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases, car crashes and violence. It may cause significant damage to the brain and liver.
Drug-Addiction: Marijuana (also known as grass, pot, weed, herb): Marijuana is the most commonly used illegal drug.
Because of on-going cravings, the most important component of treatment is preventing relapse. Treating substance abuse depends on both the person and the substance being used. Behavioral treatment provides you with strategies to cope with your drug cravings and ways to avoid relapse. Your doctor may prescribe medications, such as nicotine patches and methadone, to control withdrawal symptoms and drug cravings. Often, a drug user has an underlying mental disorder, one that increases risk for substance abuse. Such disorders must be treated medically and through counseling along with the drug abuse.
Skin care for Young men:
Men's skin care step 1 : Cleanse Cleansing is just a fancy word for washing your face. This should be done every morning and every evening before bedtime.
Men's skin care step 2 : Exfoliation is the process of removing the dead skin cells from the surface to reveal the new skin cells beneath.
Men's skin care step 3 : Moisturize: Men tend to need moisturizer even more than most women do. This is because most men shave their faces.
Men's skin care step 4 : Eyes: One of the very first places we start to notice the signs of aging is around the eyes. And unfortunately, this is the very place that many men tend to neglect. Pick up a hydrating eye cream right away. All you need is a little dab of product under and around each eye to do the trick. It will help hydrate, smooth and protect your skin every day. Apply your eye cream every morning and every evening before bedtime and after cleansing.
Men's skin care step 5 : Lips: Unfortunately, as we age our lips lose collagen and they start to melt right in with the rest of our face. , Use a lip balm, preferably with SPF and always apply, and reapply throughout the day.
You can watch following video for more detail:
Sexually transmitted infections: Sexually transmitted infections can be prevented. They are also treatable, and many are curable.
How to use condoms for safe sex :
1.Check the expiration date on the condom package.
2.Check for any punctures in the condom/wrapper by feeling the package to see if it contains an air bubble.
3.Carefully tear open the package, making certain not to tear the condom.
4.The condom should go on like a hat, not like a shower cap. Make certain that you place it on so that it unrolls easily down the outside of the penis. You shouldn't need to put your fingers inside the condom to unroll it.
5.Pinch the tip of the condom to remove any air. You want to leave room for the ejaculate when you roll it on the penis.
6.Holding the tip of the condom, begin to roll it down the shaft of the penis. There should be room at the end of the condom, but there should not be any trapped air. Roll the condom the rest of the way down the penis.
7.After ejaculation, hold onto the base of the condom while withdrawing your penis from your partner. Carefully remove the condom and dispose of it in the trash.
Following are some lifestyle changes advised:
Quit! Kick the butt today! Smoking increases heart disease, stroke and cancer.
Eat foods that are healthy and change your habits according to your age and body needs.
Remember that emotional well-being is a corner stone of good health. Learn to deal with and express your emotions in ways which is beneficial to you and your environment. Seek help if you feel overwhelmed.
Incorporate a daily routine to relax and rejuvenate try to listen to soothing music, chant, read a book or meditate.
Rest and sleep
If you are not sleeping well, you will have less energy and fewer resources for coping with stress. Developing good sleep habits is very important.
Breathing techniques, Yoga can help, check out (it is in Hindi language) -
Adjust your work schedule such that you can focus on your health and get regular time to exercise
Seek people with similar conditions to help you remain as active and independent as possible and provide emotional support.
Family and friends
Try to promote healthy living to your partner, children and friends. Doing it together will have greater chances of success.
- 1/2 Cup Veg Pulav OR 1 Cup Brown rice Khichadi with 1 small bowl of Raita made with full fat yoghurt
- 1 Cup Cauliflower curry OR Bottle gourd (Lauki) curry
- 1 Whole grain bread like bhakri
- 1 Portion of Sweet occasionally
Chicken Diet Plan: A chicken diet involves using chicken as the central part of your eating plan. Chicken is low in fat and a healthy source of protein. Chicken soup diet is considered a fad diet and should only be followed with the approval of a doctor. You should follow the following steps for chicken diet as it is very low in calories.
Eat a low fat breakfast each morning. You are allowed one normal meal when following the chicken diet. Some examples of breakfast choices are: cereal with skim milk and a glass of orange juice; prune juice and whole wheat bagel with low fat cheese spread; nonfat yogurt mixed with fruit salad.
Prepare the chicken soup for the diet. You will combine vegetables (broccoli, carrots, onions, celery, turnips, and jalapeno peppers) with chicken broth and fresh chicken to make a large pot of soup. To flavor the chicken soup for your diet, add parsnips, dill, lemon juice, salt and garlic. The amount of each item will depend on how many servings you wish to make. You will cook the soup over medium heat for 15 to 20 minutes until the chicken is cooked and vegetables are tender.
Eat the chicken soup throughout the remainder of the day. You are allowed only chicken soup for the rest of the day while on this diet. There are no restrictions on the number of servings you can consume.
Drink only water. Eliminate high calorie beverages on the chicken diet and drink six to eight glasses of water instead.
Follow the chicken diet for a week. This diet is not meant to be followed for the long term and should only be used if you need to drop a lot of weight in a short period of time.