A simple Goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland. It is usually not cancer.
There are different kinds of Goiters:
A simple Goiter can occur without a known reason. It can occur when the thyroid gland is not able to make enough thyroid hormone to meet the body's needs. This can be due to a lack of iodine in a person's diet. To make up for the shortage of thyroid hormone, the thyroid gland grows larger.
Toxic nodular Goiter is an enlarged thyroid gland that has a small, rounded growth or many growths called nodules. One or more of these nodules produce too much thyroid hormone.
The body needs iodine to produce thyroid hormone:
Simple Goiters may occur in people who live in areas where the soil and water do not have enough iodine. People in these areas might not get enough iodine in their diet.
The use of iodized salt in many food products in the United States prevents a lack of iodine in the diet.
In many cases of simple Goiter, the cause is unknown. Other than a lack of iodine, other factors that may lead to the condition include:
Certain medicines (lithium, amiodarone)
Certain foods (soy, peanuts, vegetables in the broccoli and cabbage family)
Simple Goiters are also more common in:
Persons over age 40
People with a family history of Goiter
Causes of Goiter
Contrary to what many people believe Goiter does not really mean that the thyroid gland is not functioning properly. There are several different factors that could cause you to suffer from the swelling. Given below are some of the most common causes for Goiter:
Deficiency of Iodine: An adequate amount of iodine is absolutely essential for the production of the thyroid hormones. Iodine is usually found in seawater as well as in the soil around coastal areas. It has been seen that those who live inland or at high elevations usually suffer from the deficiency of iodine. In an effort to absorb more iodine from the body, the thyroid gland may get enlarged.
Grave's Disease: An autoimmune health condition known as Grave's disease has been known to cause the thyroid gland in the neck to swell. This occurs because this condition makes the thyroid glands produce an excessive amount of hormones.
Hashimoto's Disease: This is an autoimmune disorder, in which your thyroid gland produces a small amount of hormones, than is required. The thyroid gland works along with the other glands in the body, such as the pituitary glands, which produces the Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH). Hashimoto's disease causes the pituitary gland to detect a low level of thyroid hormones in the body, which increase the production of TSH. This in turn causes the thyroid gland to swell, leading to Goiter.
Inflammation: An inflammatory condition known as thyroiditis causes pain and swelling in the thyroid glands, thereby leading to Goiter.
Thyroid Cancer: This is not a very common cause, but it can lead to Goiter. Cancer in the thyroid is usually marked by swelling or enlargement on one side of the thyroid.
Some of the other causes of Goiter can also include multi-nodular Goiter, pregnancy and solitary thyroid nodules.
3. Eliminate Raw Cruciferous Vegetables from Your Diet
This family of vegetables, including broccoli, brussels sprouts, kale, cabbage, and cauliflower, produces a byproduct called isothiocyanates. Isothiocyanates can produce Goiters by inhibiting the absorption of iodine by the thyroid gland.
4. Use a Flax Seed Warm Compress to Relieve the Goiter
5. Given its high iodine content, flax seed can be a great remedy for Goiter. One home remedy that has been utilized to mitigate the condition is a warm compress that can be applied to the actual enlarged protrusion.
6. Simply grind the flax seed in water, heat it, and apply it to the affected areas of the neck. The iodine content can largely reduce or eliminate the Goiter.
7. Avoid Soy and Soy-Based Products to Help Goiter
8. Drink Filtered Rather than Tap Water to Eliminate Goiter
Perform a few neck stretches or other similar exercises that are good for the health of the thyroid gland. Many health and fitness experts aerobic exercises as well as jogging for thyroid and Goiter problems
People of all ages and body types benefit from physical activity. Even if you feel out-of-shape or haven't been active in a long time, you can find activities that will work for you.
Staying active can help:
Lower your risk of heart disease, stroke, blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, and some types of cancers
Improve your strength and balance so you can stay independent
Reduce symptoms of depression
Improve your ability to think, learn, and make decisions
Help you look and feel better
Before you begin...
If you have a health problem like heart disease, diabetes, or obesity, talk to your doctor about the types and amounts of physical activity that are right for you.
To get the health benefits of physical activity, do a combination of aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities.
Aim for 2 hours and 30 minutes a week of moderate aerobic activities. Choose activities that make your heart beat faster, like walking fast, dancing, or swimming. Start slowly. Build up to 30 minutes on most days of the week, at least 10 minutes at a time. Tell your doctor if you have shortness of breath, chest pain, or unplanned weight loss.
Do strengthening activities 2 days a week. Try using exercise bands or lifting hand weights. Muscle-strengthening activities include push-ups, sit-ups, and lifting weights.
You can also use cans of food as weights. Breathe out as you lift something, and breathe in as you relax. Holding your breath can cause changes in your blood pressure.
Do balance activities 3 or more days a week.
Practice standing on one foot.
Stand up from a sitting position.
Sign up for a yoga class, or try following a yoga video.
How do I know if my activity level is moderate or vigorous?
Your body is working at a moderate level when you can talk but not sing. Your body is working at a vigorous level when you can't say more than a few words without pausing for a breath.
Find out how to determine your activity level by measuring your heart rate.
Quit! Kick the butt today! Smoking increases heart
disease, stroke and cancer.
that are healthy and change your habits according to your age and body needs.
Remember that emotional well-being is a corner stone of good health.
Learn to deal with and express your emotions in ways which is beneficial to
you and your environment. Seek help if you feel overwhelmed.
a daily routine to relax and rejuvenate try to listen to soothing music,
chant, read a book or meditate.
Rest and sleep
If you are not sleeping well, you will have less energy and
fewer resources for coping with stress. Developing good sleep habits is very
techniques, Yoga can help, check out (it
is in Hindi language) -
Adjust your work
schedule such that you are able to stick to your commitments of diet and
Seek people with
similar conditions to help you remain
as active and independent as possible and provide emotional support.
Family and friends
Try to promote
healthy living to your partner, children and friends. Doing it together will
have greater chances of success.
In order to speed up the treatment of Goiter, it is best for you to follow the diet recommended by your health care provider, who may advise you to go on a juice fast for around 3 or 4 days. During this time you can have any homemade fruit and vegetable juice, which is devoid of too much sugar or preservatives. After the 4th day you can resume your normal diet, but it is best to eat light foods, till the problem is cured. However, there are some food items that are recommended for treating Goiter faster, such as:
Oats, seafood, carrots, tomatoes, lettuce, garlic, whole rice, strawberries, onions, guavas, eggs (yolk) and citric fruits, as they are high in iron
Pineapples or pineapple juice
Bananas, as they help stimulate the thyroid
Vitamin A rich foods, like sweet potatoes, cayenne, paprika, chili powder, red pepper, liver pate, leafy greens, carrots, dried herbs, butternut squash, cantaloupe, dried apricot, lettuce, papayas, peaches, mangoes, tomatoes, green peas and milk
Foods that are high in Vitamin B like meat, dairy products, soy bean, cereals, whole grains, beans, pulses, tuna, salmon, herring, nuts, seeds, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, corn, okra, parsnips, grapes, raspberries, watermelons, guavas, dates, grapefruit and avocadoes to name a few.
In order to follow a proper diet for Goiter, you not only need to include the right foods, but also may need to change your eating habits a bit. For starters, instead of eating 3 square meals a day, it is better to have 5 or 6 smaller meals, spaced at frequent intervals. At no time should you skip a meal, especially breakfast, which is not only the most important meal of the day, but also should be the most substantial.
Before you make any changes to your existing diet, it is important to consult a doctor and get his/her approval, especially if you are elderly or are suffering from a preexisting medical condition.
It is important to eat the right kind of food for a healthy mind and body. Try to incorporate 6-7 small meals/snacks during the day.
Generally, all food items can be classified into six major groups as shown in the Healthy Food Pyramid.
Immediate Diet Plan
1.Include lots of fresh, seasonal, local and if possible organic Fruits and Vegetables.
2.Add plenty of Whole Grains (whole wheat flour, brown rice, whole beans).
3.Choose foods high in Good Fat such as olive oil, peanut oil, fatty fish, walnuts, flaxseeds. If you do not eat fish, talk to your doctor about taking fish supplements.
1.Say NO to all Sugary beverages and foods. Do not add any extra sugar to beverages like tea coffee etc. Especially important when diabetic.
2.Refined ingredients like white rice, white flour, maida should be completely omitted from diets. Especially important when diabetic.
3.Avoid combination of sugary and refined foods like cakes, pies, ice creams as they do the most harm. Especially important when diabetic.
4.Avoid Unhealthy Fats such as Cholesterol, Saturated and Trans Fat. Stay away from egg yolks, cream, butter, ghee, coconut, deep fried items, whole milk, dalda, vanspati.
5.Slash down any intake of carbonated, caffeinated or alcoholic beverages.
6.Curb your Salt intake, as sodium in the salt has to tendency to retain water in the body which can increase blood pressure and add other complications. Do not add salt while cooking and restrict consumption of packaged food. (5)
Sample Diet Plan
-1 Cup (250ml) lukewarm water with 1 Tbsp. lemon
juice and 1/2 tsp. honey
-2 Idlis OR
Poha OR Oats
-forteified reduced fat Milk (1 cup)
-1 medium sized fruit
Early Morning Snack
-1 Khakra OR
Toast with cream cheese
-1 Cup Coconut water or fresh fruit juice
-2 dried Figs and 1 whole Walnut OR
-1 large bowl of
Salad (carrots, sprouts, cucumbers, beets, tomatoes and onions)
(Dressing - mix Olive oil or cream, lemon juice and pepper)
-2 Multigrain phulka ORJowari Roti
-1 Cup Palak/Plain Dal OR 1 Cup Rajma
-1 Cup yogurt or buttermilk
Mid Afternoon Snack
-1 glass of Milk Shake/ Fruit smoothie
-1 Digestive biscuit
Early Dinner Snack
-1/2 Cup Mixed
sprouts ORChole salad
-1 Cup Soup,
-1/2 Cup Brown rice with 1 Cup Mixed vegetable
sambar OR 1 Cup Brown rice Khichadi
with 1 small bowl of Raita made with yoghurt
Cauliflower curry ORBottle
gourd (Lauki) curry
-1 Whole grain bread
-1/2Cup Milk infused with Saffron/Almonds
Eat Right and Exercise your way to a Healthy Mind and Body.