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Overweight and obesity are defined as
''abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health''.
They are caused by the increase in the
size and the amount of fat cells in the body. Doctors measure body mass index
(BMI) and waist circumference to screen and diagnose overweight and obesity.
Obesity is a serious medical condition that can cause complications such as
metabolic syndrome, high blood pressure, atherosclerosis, heart disease,
diabetes, high blood cholesterol, cancers and sleep disorders. Treatment
depends on the cause and severity of your condition and whether you have
complications. Treatments include lifestyle changes, such as heart-healthy
eating and increased physical activity.
Being overweight is generally caused by the intake of more calories (by eating) than are expended by the body (by exercise and everyday activity). Factors that may contribute to this imbalance include:
Eating disorders (such as binge eating)
Hormonal imbalances (e.g. hypothyroidism)
Insufficient or poor-quality sleep
Limited physical exercise and a sedentary lifestyle
Metabolic disorders, which could be caused by repeated attempts to lose weight by weight cycling
Psychotropic medication (e.g. olanzapine)
Smoking cessation and other stimulant withdrawal
People who have insulin dependant diabetes and chronically overdose insulin may gain weight, while people who already are overweight may develop insulin tolerance, and in the long run develop type II diabetes.